Fitness is a condition of physical well being and, in particular, the ability to do different parts of ordinary activities, jobs and sports without any hindrance. Physical fitness improves over time as a person ages and usually consists of several components like weight management, muscle strength, flexibility, cardiovascular endurance, body composition, and movement. At any given time, most people are physically fit but some may need to work out more to maintain their fitness level. Physical fitness is usually achieved through regular physical activity, proper nutrition, and enough rest between workouts.

There are many causes of poor fitness among the elderly and adolescents including aging, accidents and diseases, weight gain or loss, and sedentary lifestyle. In order to achieve or maintain their fitness goals, these people should engage in activities that will help them reach or maintain their ideal weights. Muscle strengthening is an essential component of the regimen for elderly and adolescent fitness levels. Stronger muscles help prevent fractures, back pain, arthritis, and other musculoskeletal disorders. Muscular weakness can be a result of age or from other underlying factors or it may also be due to under-active muscles.

In order to address the needs of older persons and adolescents, it is important to provide them with structured exercises, such as aerobics classes or Yoga. Aerobic exercises are good for the heart and provide strength training, which is vital to bodily functions. It also helps the body adapt to changes in environment and reduces stress. As an alternative to aerobics and other types of fitness activities, it is also important to include strength training in the regimen for elderly and adolescents.

To help increase strength in muscles and to maintain muscle strength after injuries, it is essential to engage in resistance training. By performing strength training, it is possible to stimulate muscle growth and preserve muscle power. There are many ways by which resistance training can be carried out including free weight exercises and body weight exercises.

It is important to consider physical fitness goals when planning an exercise program for an older person and incorporate them into the overall fitness plan. If an older person has specific goals, they can be accomplished more quickly. These goals could include increasing strength, improving endurance, losing weight, or reducing body fat.

Incorporating fitness into the lifestyle of an older person requires greater attention to detail. Fitness is important for all people but it is even more so for older people who often suffer from joint and other medical problems. Regular exercise will help keep them flexible, improve circulation, and strengthen the muscles. By incorporating fitness into the lifestyle of an older person can increase their mobility, improve their health, increase their muscle strength, and reduce their risk for injury.

By Arlene Huff

Arlene Huff is the founding member of Golden State Online. Before that She was a general assignment reporter. A native Californian, she graduated from the University of California with a degree in medical anthropology and global health. She currently lives in Los Angeles.

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